domingo, fevereiro 28, 2010

Paying for pensioners, your budget or mine?

The concept of Twin Budget Time Bombs reminds us that Government spending increases directly with the ageing of the population, not just with the payment of Social Security and other Government pensions but also due to the impact of health spending with people aged 65+ years.

Pension liabilities increase with longevity, and with the generosity of Government and employer pension programs, and can be predicted fairly accurately with actuarial studies. Old age pensions are usually “portable”, that is, they are paid by the country where the pensioner worked during his active life, regardless of where the pensioner and his family chooses to live after retirement.

A Portuguese pensioner, who may have worked 15 years in Portugal, 15 years in France, and 15 years in Germany, will have three small  pension claims on each of those countries, which he will receive whether he lives the whole year in Portugal, or whether he chooses to spend four months visiting his grand-children in France. Similarly, the British or Dutch pensioners who choose to enjoy the fair Portuguese weather in Algarve continue to receive their home country pensions.

The Government health spending with pensioners is rather more complex. First, total health spending increases quasi-progressively with longevity. Estimates show that annual health spending with 80-year-old pensioners can reach nearly three or four times the annual health spending of active 50-year-old workers. As the annual health spending increases progressively with age and longevity, a growing proportion is paid by the Government, either through insurance and reimbursement programs like Medicare, or by exempting older pensioners  and those with chronic diseases from making the out-of-pocket co-payments (isenção de taxas moderadoras e de comparticipações do utente).

Most countries have unfunded acturial pension liabilities from the Pay-as-You-Go social security pension systems.  Only fortunate and prudent countries like oil-rich Norway have sizable Government pension funds. From the Government's perspective, pensioner health liabilities are even more difficult to estimate and to provision.
From the pensioners perspective, an active worker accumulates two types of “pensioner rights” for every year worked:
(1) The right to a  pension-in-cash, an annuity usually adjusted by inflation, from each of the countries where he worked at least a minimum number of years (5, 10 or 15 years). Usually, workers with shorter lengths of services may choose to receive the pension and Social Security contributions paid by them and their employers as a lump-sum. For mobile pensioners, these "portable pensions" imply  that the cost of this “pension in cash” falls on the countries where the pensioner worked, proportionately to the length of service in each country. See the  EUlisses arrangements for portable Social Securities schemes covering EU members, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein, Norway and Switzerland.

(2) The right to nearly-free health services in old age, which can be seen to represent a “pension-in-kind”, as the Government reimburses or supports nearly all of the pensioners’ health costs. These pensioner health benefits in kind are much less portable, and the burden of these “health related costs with pensioners” fall first and foremost on the country of the residence, which may or may not be able to obtain any reimbursement from the countries where the pensioner worked.

Thus the timely question of who pays the health costs of the modern mobile European pensioners, your Government health budget or mine?

The budget impact of demographic changes can be enormous.  Bu in a country like the USA, both the Social Security and Medicare health coverage programs are federal, so the federal budget continues to pay both pensions and health care for the Michigan “snow birds”, whether or not they choose to move to Florida.

In Europe, the aptly named Club Med countries (Greece, Spain, Italy, but also Portugal and France) attract both returning citizens and foreign pensioners. These older residents easily bring their pensioner rights when it comes to the “cash pension”, but not necessarily the rights to the “health pension”, thus may become a burden to the local SNS/NHS and to Government health budgets. In general, cash pensions are paid proportionately by the countries-of-work, pensioners’ health spending is paid mostly by the countries-of-residence in old age.
A new EU Directive has been under discussion since 2008, to define EU patients' rights to cross-border health care and to correct this asymmetry in dealing with pension health care benefits for mobile pensioners. It would allow those national health systems which actually provide the pensioner’s healthcare to obtain reimbursement from the countries where the pensioner worked, in a manner proportionate to the length of service in each country. Given the complexity and divergent interests, the proposed Directive has not yet reached achieved consensus among the paying and receiving countries, in part because there is insufficient information on the actual number of mobile European pensioners and budget amounts involved.

But this asymmetric treatment of pensioner-related Government expenditures needs to be corrected urgently, if the southern European countries are to continue to pursue their strategic vocations as the “Floridas of Europe”, even as they struggle to invert the unsustainable health spending trends which significantly aggravate their critical Government deficit and debt problems.

Related artices:
TRESS Think Tank report on health care for EU pensioners,

Is there a public debt problem in France?

UK Dependency time-bomb


How to account for Europe's debt

quarta-feira, fevereiro 24, 2010

Engenheiro consultor, projecto de água rural em Timor

Organization(s): IDSS Country/Region: East Timor
Contract Length: Long-term consulting assignment
Apply by: 01 March 2010

IDSS is seeking Expressions of Interest for a qualified National Engineer Advisor (NEA) to fill a field-based role for the development of rural water supply, sanitation and hygiene (RWASH) activities in Timor-Leste. This is a project that is funded by the Government of Australia through AusAID

This role will report to the Water Supply and Sanitation Adviser (WSSA) and will work with designated G-RDTL counterparts and the District Engineering Advisors (DEAs) on a day to day basis as well as all other long and short term advisors and Locally Engaged Staff (LES) as required. The successful applicant will also be a direct line manager of two LES.

Key responsibilities of this position include:
• Liaise with Directorate for Water Resource Management on development of sustainable management of ground water resources
• Provide support to DNSAS Planning & Design Department on increasing capacity to access groundwater, Sustainable Access to and Use of Groundwater Resources
• Prepare budgets and operational plans in line with national budget and planning systems to provide direct support to the use of appropriate guidelines for Community WASH and systems to monitor the use of the updated Community Water and Sanitation Guidelines
• Identify specific capacity building requirements (technical training, mentoring and scholarship) required by the DNSAS/SAS technical officers and project partners and assist in developing, or supporting identified training & mentoring with regard to the sustainable delivery of rural water supply systems & sanitation facilities.
• Mentor the DNSAS staff in planning, detailed engineering design, quantity survey, tender estimates and preparation of bills of quantity
• Provide support to DNSAS Planning & Design Department on increasing capacity to access groundwater.
• Coordination with range of sector stakeholders – other GoRDTL departments, NGOs, UN agencies and Donors.
• Provide specific technical inputs to other donors, NGOs, Government Departments in the rural WASH sector
• Manage the RWSSP component on sustainable WASH delivery

The successful candidate will have;
• A university degree in a relevant field in Water supply and Sanitation;
• Demonstrated high level knowledge and experience of the effective and sustainable provision of water and sanitation for rural communities in less developed countries;
• Experience in integrating social component to community water management including experience in promoting gender equity across all aspects of the program
• An understanding of DNSAS budgeting process, procurement and management systems;
• Demonstrated capacity to work effectively with counterpart staff; and
• Facilitation and conflict resolution skills.

• Country experience and working knowledge of the Tetun or Indonesian language
For further information on this role, please contact Cindy Colla, RWSSP Program Manager,  otherwise to formally apply for this role please visit

Similar opportunity:
Organization(s): Progressio
Country/Region: Timor-Leste
Contract Length: Long-term consulting assignment
Apply by: 15 March 2010

Job Summary
For this vacancy we are only able to consider candidates who are fluent in English and Tetum. The successful candidate should have a degree or appropriate qualification in development ...

sábado, fevereiro 20, 2010

Eleven lessons, plus one, from the Iceland financial crisis

Thorvaldur Gylfason, Professor of Economics of University of Iceland lists 11 Lessons from the Iceland Banking crisis. PPP Lusofonia comments on some of them.

Lesson 1. We need effective legal protection against predatory lending just as we have long had laws against quack doctors. The problem is asymmetric information. Doctors and bankers typically know more about complicated medical procedures and complex financial instruments than their patients and clients.
Rescuing overleveraged borrowers also serves to rescue imprudent and predatory creditors. That’s why the deleveraging sacrifice has to be shared all around. Borrowers loose their equity, banks and creditors must take a “haircut” on their loan assets by being required to reschedule payments, to reduce interest rates, to accept debt-to-equity conversions, even to forgive debt. And third, taxpayers usually have to help support some of the cost, if for no other reason, becuase of the frequent regulatory failures. If the nameless bondholders are made whole, “moral hazard” becomes a risk on both the lender as well as the borrower sides.

Lesson 2. Payment of rating agencies by the borrowers and issuers creates an obvious and fundamental conflict of interest and needs to be revised. Likewise, banks should not be allowed to hire employees of regulators.

PPP Lusofonia:  Rating agencies present a typical “agency problem”. Regardless of who pays the rating fees, it’s not the money of the rating agencies at risk after all. A traditional credit committee staffed by well experienced bankers is a much be better way to run a banking system.
There is another lesson (Lesson 12) in this crisis: Credit risk analysis and management is a “core banking skill” and foolish is the bank which outsources this fundamental function.T

Lesson 6. Central banks should not accept rapid credit growth, even if consumer inflation remains low – as did the Federal Reserve under Alan Greenspan and the Central Bank of Iceland.

PPP Lusofonia:  In an open economy, excessive money and credit growth may be temporarily reflected in imports. But credit growth is probably the best single indicator of potential financial stress. But nowadays, the traditional “money supply” now covers a smaller and smaller portion of financial liquidity.

See the other lessons in

quinta-feira, fevereiro 18, 2010

UN Office on Drugs and Crime busca assessor policial

Organization(s): United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
Country/Region: Guinea-Bissau
Apply by: 14 March 2010
Position: Adviser (Law Enforcement, Anti-Narcotics and Organized Crime), P-4

The post is located in Guinea-Bissau and is attached to the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) Regional Office for West and Central Africa, Senegal (ROSEN). This post is related to a project and initial appointment will be for 1 year. Any extension will be subject to availability of funding.
Under the overall general supervision of the UN Resident Coordinator-UNDP Resident Representative in Guinea Bissau and reporting directly to the UNODC/ROSEN Regional Representative, located in Dakar, Senegal, the Law Enforcement Adviser will provide technical advice and support to the national law enforcement authorities and agencies in Guinea Bissau, the United Nations Peace-Building Support Office in Guinea Bissau (UNOGBIS), and the ROSEN in the fields of drug control and law enforcement. In addition to his/her UN advisory functions, the UNODC Law

Enforcement Adviser will support the Government of Guinea Bissau, and particularly the Ministry of Justice by:
• Continuously monitoring the development of the drug trafficking and organized crime problems in the country;
• Providing specialized technical expertise inputs to the Ministry of Justice, its Judicial Police, and other national law enforcement agencies with respect to both the concrete implementation of the Anti- narcotic Plans, as well as technical cooperation initiatives addressing the drug and crime issues in the country;
• Liaising with relevant regional and international counterparts and provide with a view to facilitate delivery of technical cooperation inputs to Guinea Bissau and to avoid duplication and overlapping;
 • Liaising with relevant civil society and non-governmental organizations actively involved in the national effort against drugs and organized crime, particularly drug demand reduction treatment, rehabilitation and prevention centers.

Under the overall coordination of UNOGBIS and the technical supervision of the UNODC Regional Office (the Regional Law Enforcement Adviser based in Dakar) the incumbent will:
• Participate in the assessment and quality of ongoing law enforcement measures in Guinea Bissau;
• Provide analysis on major trends and modus operandi of transnational criminal networks operating in the country;
• Assess and review national capabilities related to law enforcement training facilities and curricula;
• Keep abreast with the development of drug trafficking, human trafficking and organized crime trends and represent UNODC in major meetings and conferences in Guinea Bissau. Under the overall coordination of UNOGBIS, the technical supervision of the UNODC ROSEN Office and in close cooperation with relevant national institutions the incumbent will:
• Assist in the development and implementation of the law enforcement components of the Guinea Bissau Security Sector Reform and related programmes.
 • Develop and formulate relevant projects under the Guinea Bissau Security Sector Reform on counter-narcotics enforcement, anti-human trafficking and anti organized crime.
• Build synergies with anti-money laundering, anti-corruption and anti-terrorism initiatives at the project formulation stage.
• Provide technical inputs to the implementation of regional ongoing law enforcement-related projects on counter-narcotics enforcement, anti-human trafficking and anti organized crime.
• Assess the quality and impact of ongoing law enforcement assistance measures in Guinea Bissau.

Professionalism: Ability to provide substantive advice to governments on drug control and crime prevention issues and policies. Ability to apply UN rules, regulations, policies and guidelines in work situations; pride in work and in achievements; demonstration of professional competence and mastery of subject matter, including knowledge and understanding of theories, concepts and approaches relevant to legal and justice systems, crime and drug control, as well as prevention; in-depth knowledge and specialization in substantive and functional areas; very good research, analytical and problem-solving skills; and sound judgment.
Accountability: Ability to take ownership of all responsibilities; deliver outputs for which one has responsibility within prescribed time, cost and quality standards; operate in compliance with organizational regulations and rules; provide oversight and take responsibility for delegated assignments.
Planning and Organizing: Ability to plan own work, manage conflicting priorities and to use time efficiently; ability to organize and coordinate the implementation and preparation of complex and multi-faceted activities and outputs.
Client Orientation: Considering all those to whom services are provided to be “clients” and seeking to see things from clients’ point of view; establishing and maintaining productive partnerships with clients by gaining their trust and respect; identifying clients’ needs and matching them to appropriate solutions; monitoring ongoing developments inside and outside the clients’ environment to keep informed and anticipate problems; keeping clients informed of progress or setbacks in projects; meeting timeline for delivery of products or services to client.
 Communication Very good communication skills, including the ability to draft policy, studies and communications to various counterparts and to articulate ideas in a clear and concise manner; ability to listen to others, correctly interpreting messages from others and responding appropriately; demonstrating openness in sharing information and keeping people informed. Strong presentation skills.
 Managing Performance: Ability to develop work goals that are consistent with agreed strategies; ability to mentor counterparts and ability to monitor progress against milestones and deadlines.

Advanced university degree (Master’s degree or equivalent) in the fields of criminology, law, public administration or equivalent academic training/education from a recognized national police, customs or other staff learning college with specialization in criminal justice, crime prevention or law enforcement. A first-level university degree in combination with qualifying experience may be accepted in lieu of the advanced university degree.

Work Experience
At least seven years of relevant work experience including at least 4 years in the drug law enforcement/organized crime fields in an operational capacity at gradually increasing levels of responsibility in national and/or international law enforcement, investigation, police, drug and/or crime prevention and control. Project/programme planning and management experience in relevant field at the national or international level. Up-to-date knowledge and practical experience of United Nations programme policies, guidelines and procedures. Working experience in a United Nations field office in a developing country is an asset.

English and French are the working languages of the United Nations Secretariat. For the post advertised, fluency in English and Portuguese with excellent drafting skills is required. Knowledge of Spanish or French would be considered an asset.

Other Skills
In-depth understanding of the current challenges in the area of crime prevention and law enforcement, drug demand reduction, and financial crime in the developing countries. Proven ability to manage complex technical assistance programmes and to mobilize external partners and stakeholders. Ability to communicate in a clear and concise manner and to articulate ideas correctly and in a convincing way.

How to apply
All applicants are strongly encouraged to apply online as soon as possible after the vacancy has been posted and well before the deadline stated in the vacancy announcement. E-mail:
Please see the Frequently Asked Questions, if you encounter problems when applying.

terça-feira, fevereiro 16, 2010

UNDP seeks specialist on Results-Based Public Financial Management

February 16, 2010
The Pole on Development Strategies and Pubic Finance (UNDP) is looking for a well-qualified expert on results based Public Financial Management for a one-month period.
To achieve its objectives in the field of regional integration, the Council of Ministers of the West African Economic and Monetary Union (WAEMU) passed a new bill (directive) on National budget Law to improve public finance management within the WAEMU region. It changes the WAEMU legal framework with which the eight Member States of the zone had to comply until now.

The task:
The expert will draft the appendix related to results based management of the methodological guide that WAEMU plans to provide to its Member States to explain the new rules.
To apply please go to the web site or click on the following link:

domingo, fevereiro 14, 2010

Encargos do SNS com medicamentos disparam

O aumento de encargos com medicamentos do SNS em 2009 foi o maior dos últimos cinco anos Publico: 11.02.2010 - 09:13 Por João d´Espiney

Os encargos do Serviço Nacional de Saúde (SNS) com a comparticipação de medicamentos adquiridos nas farmácias atingiram os 1,5 mil milhões de euros em 2009, o que representa um agravamento de 6,3 por cento em relação ao ano anterior, de acordo com os últimos dados publicados pela Autoridade Nacional do Medicamento (Infarmed).

Em 2009 foram vendidos 40,5 milhões de embalagens de genéricos .
Esta é a maior taxa de crescimento registada nos últimos cinco anos e situa-se bem acima do tecto definido no Orçamento do Estado (OE) de 2009 para a despesa com medicamentos em ambulatório (farmácias): 2,9 por cento. Em 2006 e 2007 até se verificou uma diminuição dos encargos de, respectivamente, 1,4 e 1,6 por cento.

Questionado sobre esta derrapagem, o porta-voz do INFARMED começou por referir que "o Infarmed ainda não dispõe de dados reais para validar com certeza a diferença de crescimento verificada ao nível dos encargos do SNS com medicamentos em ambulatório". "Tudo leva a crer, no entanto, que o crescimento verificado esteja associado a medidas introduzidas ao longo do ano, nomeadamente a comparticipação a 100 por cento dos medicamentos genéricos para os pensionistas de rendimentos anuais inferiores a 14 vezes o salário mínimo nacional, bem como a não-redução do preço de referência em consequência da baixa de 30 por cento no preço dos genéricos", acrescentou.

Os dados mais recentes publicados pelo Infarmed revelam ainda que em termos globais foram vendidos 254,5 milhões de embalagens de medicamentos, representando um custo (a PVP - preço de venda ao público) de 3,3 mil milhões de euros, o que traduz, respectivamente, um acréscimo de 1,4 por cento em unidades e um decréscimo de 0,9 por cento em dinheiro.

Este aumento aconteceu apesar da subida da quota dos genéricos.
Em 2009, foram vendidos 40,5 milhões de embalagens de genéricos (mais 18,5 por cento que em 2008), representando 591 milhões de euros (menos 5 por cento). A quota de mercado dos medicamentos genéricos subiu para 15,93 por cento (em 2008 era de 13,63 por cento). O Infarmed ainda não publicou os números relativos aos encargos com medicamentos em meio hospitalar em 2009, mas os últimos dados disponíveis apontam também para uma derrapagem em relação às metas definidas no OE/2009.

No OE/2010, o Governo definiu um tecto de crescimento de 1,8 por cento nas despesas com medicamentos nas farmácias e de 2,8 por cento nos hospitais.
Fonte: Público

Conference on Financial Globalization, Madrid, 1-2 July 2010

Conference on Financial Globalization: Shifting Balances
Madrid, Spain

CALL FOR PAPERS – Deadline: 15-February-2010

The goal of the conference is to bring together academics and policy makers to discuss the links between the recent crisis and financial globalization, broadly focusing on two main themes:

i) the two-way relationship between global imbalances and the crisis;
ii) the impact of the crisis on the process of financial globalization.

Special consideration will be given to the analysis of policy responses and the challenges faced by policy makers related to both issues, as well as the implications for emerging markets and Latin America.

The topics of the conference include:
* Capital flows before, during and after crises
* Dynamics of savings, investment, and current accounts
* The future of financial globalization
* Financial development, international banking, and financial structure
* The role of exchange rates and interest rates
* International policy coordination and global financial architecture

Organizer(s): Banco de España: Enrique Alberola, Aitor Erce-Domínguez, Juan Ruiz. CREI: Fernando Broner. The World Bank: Augusto de la Torre, Tatiana Didier
Institution: The conference is sponsored by Banco de España and the World Bank, with the academic support of CREI

Location: Banco de España, Madrid
Attendance: Open attendance
More information:

sábado, fevereiro 13, 2010

Congresso sobre "Violência nas Relações de Intimidade, Coimbra, 17-19 Maio 2010

Congresso Internacional "Violência nas Relações de Intimidade":
(O)Usar Caminhos em Saúde"

Data: 17, 18, 19 Maio 2010
Organização: ES Emfermagem, Coimbra

No âmbito do projecto “(O)USAR & SER LAÇO BRANCO”, a Escola Superior de Enfermagem de Coimbra está a organizar um Congresso Internacional intitulado "Violência nas Relações de Intimidade: (O)Usar Caminhos em Saúde",
Mais informações sobre este evento podem ser obtidas na página
na qual poderão ter acesso a toda a informação relacionada com o Congresso, nomeadamente o programa, inscrições e submissão de abstracts.

sexta-feira, fevereiro 12, 2010

Especialistas para projecto da Sociedade Civil, Angola

GRM International is currently looking for 2 experts in Non-State Actors (NSA)  for a EC formulation project in Angola.

GRM procura dois especialistas para projecto relacionado com Organizações de Sociedade Civil e ONG para Angola, com o seguinte perfil:
Habilitações literárias
■ Habilitações ao nível da pós graduação numa área relevante para a missão, como desenvolvimento, ciência política, sociologia, direito, antropologia

Experiência profissional geral
■ Mínimo 10 anos de experiência em desenvolvimento internacional, capacitação /apoio institucional a ANEs
■ Essencial experiencia em missões de identificação / estudos de viabilidade
■ Um bom conhecimento da cooperação ACP-UE, e mais especificamente na problemática de apoio aos ANE será uma mais valia
■ Experiência em assessment político de estratégias da sociedade civil.

Experiência profissional específica
■ Experiência com procedimentos CE, Ciclo do projecto, Analise ECOFIN e de impacto de pelo menos 2 missões diferentes.
■ Conhecimento/Experiencia especifica nos procedimentos 10º FED serão uma mais valia.
■ Conhecimento e experiencia de contextos pós-conflito
■ Uma experiencia no espaço lusófono poderá ser uma mais valia

Habilitações linguísticas
Excelente Português falado e escrito e inglês e/ou francês

Please send  applications and CVs, in English,
Our website:
GRM International

VER descripção de 2006

Outras oportunidades semelhantes: 

BBI - Brussels Office seeks  senior level Portuguese native speakers - Experts for a civil society support study in Angola
Apply By: 23 February 2010
Looking for two (2) Portuguese native speakers and Civil Society Senior Experts (Ref: 42-ANGOLA) to join an EU funded Framework short-term contract focused on Governance.


Progeco S.r.l., Apply By: 22 February 2010

Possible starting date 15/03/2010, duration 30 working days
Global Objective O estudo de viabilidade deverá fornecer uma análise das várias opções e estratégias possíveis nos quais o PAANE II se poderá basear para o apoio aos ANE, tendo em conta:

- áreas identificadas no Documento Estratégia País (CSP),
-  mapping ANE a ser concluído até Março de 2010 ,
- os outros programas de apoio a ANEs de outros doadores,
- as pistas de intervenção definidas na Ficha de Identificação de Projecto,
- e outros documentos relevantes no sector.

E de notar que o objectivo geral do projecto é: contribuir para a participação activa dos diversos actores não estatais na estratégia de luta contra a pobreza e de promoção da governação

Specific objectives
O objectivo específico do estudo de viabilidade é identificar e formular uma metodologia de intervenção estratégica para um novo programa de apoio aos ANE ( PAANE II), tendo em conta as especificidades dos ANE em Angola (tendo por base, sobretudo as lições aprendidas dos processos de apoio anteriores e os resultados do mapping dos ANE) e o posicionamento estratégico deste programa na estratégia UE-ANGOLA, de modo a capitalizar o apoio aos ANE numa lógica de participação activa no processo de governação ao nível local e central

E de notar que os objectivos específicos do projecto são :
1. Fortalecer e capitalizar as capacidades dos ANE nas suas diversas funções,
2. Melhorar o acesso à informação e os circuitos de comunicação de e entre os ANE,
3. Reforçar o diálogo social e politico entre os ANE e as autoridades, tanto ao nível central como local em temáticas de cidadania.

Tendo em conta o contexto geral e especificamente ligado a problemática da sociedade civil em Angola, as lições aprendidas da implementação do PAANE, o modelo de implementação deverá permitir o trabalho de acompanhamento dos diversos ANE distinguindo assim claramente as tarefas de gestão/administração do trabalho de facilitação, e dando uma atenção particular a uma estratégia de capitalização. O PAANE II deverá ser assim antes de mais um programa de facilitação e não aparecer como um doador frente aos ANE.

Requested profiles Habilitações literárias
• Habilitações ao nível da pós graduação numa área relevante para a missão, como desenvolvimento, economia, ciência política, sociologia, direito, antropologia

Experiência profissional geral
• Mínimo 10 anos de experiência em desenvolvimento internacional, capacitação /apoio institucional a ANEs
• Essencial experiencia em missões de identificação / estudos de viabilidade
• Um bom conhecimento da cooperação ACP-UE, e mais especificamente no apoio administrativo à programas de governação

Experiência profissional específica
• Experiência com procedimentos CE, Ciclo do projecto, Analise ECOFIN e de impacto de pelo menos 2 missões diferentes.
• Essencial conhecimento/experiencia especifica nos procedimentos FED ( inclusive 10º FED) em termos de gestão descentralizada e gestão delegada (Trust-Fund)
• Uma experiencia de gestão do projecto 10º FED com uma vertente trust-fund/gestão delegada seria uma mais valia.
• Conhecimento e experiencia de contextos pós-conflito
• Uma experiencia no espaço lusófono poderá ser uma mais valia

Habilitações linguísticas
- Excelente Português falado e escrito e inglês e/ou francês
Contact person Alessandro Natali, E-mail
Tel +39 0532 790980 - Fax +39 0532 790231 –
Note If you are interested in applying for the above positions, please send your CV (EC format) to  before 22/02/2010, referring to FWC07 10-231817 v1 Perito 2. Only selected candidate will be contacted

VER voluntariado em Angola

quinta-feira, fevereiro 11, 2010

Ciclo de Conferências para o Desenvolvimnto, INA, Oeiras

Ciclo de Conferências em Cooperação para o Desenvolvimento

Entrada livre sujeita a inscrição:

O INA tem o prazer de o/a convidar para a 6ª edição do Ciclo de Conferências em Cooperação para o Desenvolvimento a decorrer na sede do Instituto, em Oeiras.

As quatro sessões que compõem o Ciclo de Conferências estão abertas a todos os interessados no vasto tema da Cooperação Internacional, nomeadamente, cooperação europeia e no âmbito da CPLP, desenvolvimento de projectos e temas da agenda internacional que promovem a vertente da cooperação.

"Alterações Climáticas e Desenvolvimento no pós-Cimeira de Copenhaga"
Dr. Sérgio Teixeira dos Santos, Director da Terrasystemics
24 de Fevereiro 2010

"Política de Cooperação Europeia: uma visão do terreno"
Embaixador Miguel Amado
10 de Março 2010

"Cooperação da CPLP: Evolução recente e perspectivas futuras"
Dr. Manuel Lapão, Director de Cooperação da CPLP
5 de Abril 2010

"Planeamento e Execução de Programas e Projectos de Cooperação.
Estudos de Caso"
Dr. Marcos Gulbenkian, Director-Geral da Ogimatech
Data a anunciar brevemente

Local: Sede do INA, Palácio dos Marqueses de Pombal, Oeiras
Inscrição Online: Entrada livre mas sujeita a pré inscrição
Contactos: tel 214 465 403,

Investimento do Estado em nível mais baixo

João Ferreira do Amaral propõe que o Parlamento discuta o investimento público

Investimento do Estado cai para nível mais baixo de oito anos
8.Fev.2010 - 07h32
Por Lurdes Ferreira, Público

A rodovia é um dos sectores onde a parceria com privados é mais usada
Os investimentos do Estado assemelham-se cada vez mais a um transvase do Plano de Investimentos e Despesas de Desenvolvimento da Administração Central (PIDDAC) para as parcerias público-privadas (PPP), e que aumenta à medida que os anos passam.

O investimento da administração directa do Estado, traduzido no PIDDAC, cai, em 2010, para o valor mais baixo dos últimos oito anos, de acordo com uma comparação dos orçamentos do Estado desde 2003, ano a partir do qual este programa evidencia uma tendência de quebra. Em contrapartida, crescem os contratos de investimento de associação do Estado aos privados e que tanto têm irritado a oposição. O investimento público global inscrito pelo Governo no OE 2010 ascende a 4709 milhões de euros, mais três por cento do que no ano passado.

Depois de ter valido quase cinco por cento do Produto Interno Bruto português no início da década, o PIDDAC deverá chegar ao final deste ano a pesar somente 1,6 por cento, e isto incluindo ainda a verba que corresponde a co-financiamento comunitário. Sem ela, a sua expressão reduz-se a um por cento.

Quanto às PPP, sabe-se através da proposta do OE 2010 que, para as três grandes áreas, os encargos do Estado na saúde duplicam este ano, na ferrovia crescem 60 por cento e na rodovia ainda não chegam à duplicação mas é para lá que caminham.

Esta relação de transvase tem consequências, tal como acontece com os verdadeiros rios quando parte do seu leito, ou o seu todo, é desviado do curso natural. A mais óbvia é a chamada desorçamentação, com a repetida dificuldade de fiscalização parlamentar dos compromissos do Estado nos contratos assinados com os privados, e que tem sido apontada pelo Tribunal de Contas, enquanto o PIDDAC se esvazia, fugindo o Governo ao seu impacto na dívida pública, mas aumentando os encargos plurianuais extra-orçamentais.

Porém, nem o PIDDAC deverá acabar, nem o Governo poderá passar muitos mais anos sem alterar o modelo orçamental de inscrição dos investimentos públicos. A actual situação não agrada a João Ferreira do Amaral, economista da área socialista, ex-conselheiro económico do Presidente da República e que chefiou a Direcção-Geral do Planeamento no final da década de 1980. Primeiro, porque - diz ao PÚBLICO - nem todo o investimento do Estado pode passar para as parcerias e para as empresas públicas e faz sentido manter o PIDDAC; segundo, porque "nem todo o investimento [no OE] é claro", dando como exemplo o que se passa com as rodovias e os hospitais. "Aparecem nuns quadros e noutros não (...) Os encargos do TGV para 2010 estão no OE, mas nada se diz sobre o futuro."

Novo enquadramento
A solução está num novo enquadramento orçamental, com um programa integrado de investimentos do Estado da administração tradicional e das empresas públicas e que "evitaria que os estados desorçamentassem" custos elevados e diferidos por grandes períodos. "As consequências [das PPP] podem não ser negativas, se houver informação sobre o que o Estado vai fazer através delas. E o que tem faltado é informação suficiente sobre isso no Orçamento do Estado. Os encargos agregados estão lá, falta é o detalhe", acrescentou.

Entende que deve ser o Parlamento a resolver o "problema político" de redefinição do estatuto das empresas públicas: "Não são objecto [de fiscalização] da AR porque são empresas públicas, mas pelo seu carácter são serviço público." Mais do que a questão contabilística, é "preciso saber o que o Estado gasta em investimento".

Mariana Abrantes, especialista em parcerias público-privadas, tem defendido que as PPP permitiram ao país "recuperar o défice de investimento histórico" que se arrastava desde antes da adesão à CEE, em 1986, acompanhando também uma tendência mundial. Esta economista, que é actualmente controladora financeira do Ministério da Saúde, sublinha que, apesar da descida do investimento público nos últimos anos, o sector dos transportes manteve-se.

Contudo, considera que o investimento público português se "tornou dependente dos mercados financeiros, em montante e em selecção dos projectos", e que a sua estratégia tem de ser revista, face a um recurso "excessivo" às PPP. Defende, há vários meses, que este meio de investimento do Estado precisa de passar para um patamar de "sustentabilidade", com projectos mais selectivos e que gerem mais benefícios do que custos ao longo da sua vida.

Fonte: , Portugalglobal
Diário Económico 11-Fev-2010

domingo, fevereiro 07, 2010

Banco Africano recebe candidaturas a Young Professionals até 15-Março

The African Development Bank is the continent's leading development finance institution and a key development partner of its 53 Regional Member Countries. It is also a leader and partner in major sub-regional and continent-wide initiatives such as the New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD), the Infrastructure Consortium for Africa, and the African Water Facility.

The AfDB is currently accepting applications for its Young Professionals Programme until 15-March-2010.

As part of the Bank's Young Professionals Programme (YPP), you will have the opportunity to work across the continent, and be at the forefront of exciting Bank initiatives that are helping to shape Africa's future.

The Young Professionals Programme (YPP) is a highly competitive programme targeting motivated and talented young professionals under the age of thirty-two (32) and committed to making a difference on the continent. Upon acceptance and entry, successful applicants will undergo unique on-the-job training and development to prepare them for a rewarding career and future leadership roles within the Bank.

Successful candidates must be committed to Africa's development and demonstrate outstanding academic and professional achievements, as well as effective teamwork and leadership potential. Women are strongly encouraged to apply.

A detailed description of the AfDB YPP is available on the Bank's website at 
Application form  to be sent  to:
or to: AfDB Young Professionals Programme
Staff planning and Recruitment Division
Human Resources Management Department
African Development Bank
BP 323, Tunis-Belvédère 1002, Tunisia
Fax: +216 71 832 713

terça-feira, fevereiro 02, 2010

Público - O estudo económico que "ajuda" a tomar decisões políticas

Público - O estudo económico que "ajuda" a tomar decisões políticas

Estudo "Promoção de investimento pelo Estado e sustentabilidade das contas públicas"
Manuel Caldeira Cabral e Joana Almodovar

Obter .pdf from GPEARI

VER Grandes Obras Públicas, Problema ou Solução

PPP Conference on Infrastructure Financing in Portugal, 25-February-2010, Marriott Lisbon

Event:   PPP Conference on Infrastructure Financing in Portugal
Date:    25-February-2010, 9h-17h
Place:   Marriott Hotel, Lisbon 
Sponsored by:  Caixa BI
Morais Leitão Galvão Teles
Soares da Costa ...

The Portuguese  project finance infrastructure market has been the most dynamic European market in 2009... and continues with an ambitious PPP project pipeline for 2010...

Source:  Project Finance Magazine,

SEE EIB 20 years in Portugal

It's the total external debt ...

"... the market in recent months has assumed that Greece, Portugal, Spain and most other OECD countries would have a few years to put their budget in order. As far as Greece goes, it is becoming obvious that the markets have decided that the new government will not have the luxury of time.
So is this a one-off or the start of a new trend?
If the latter, the downward adjustments in government spending could be a lot more brutal than everyone currently anticipates; think Thailand in 1997 and Korea in 1998.

Banco de Portugal

Ver também a Folia dos Fiados

De pouco adianta desorçamentar, passar despesa e dívida para fora da AP, Administração Pública, para as empresas públicas e para as concessionárias PPP, se esses encargos acabam por ser financiados no exterior. Renegociar e reescalonar pagamentos do Estado pode reduzir o défice e a divida pública do ano, mas não resolve o verdadeiro problema que é o sobre-endividamento do país.

Divida Externa Bruta (GED) chegou a €370 biliões no final de 2009 (225% do PIB).
Divida Externa Liquida (NED) chegou a €141 biliões no final de2009 (86,3% do PIB)

O defice comercial Portugal-Alemanha foi de €2,6 biliões em 2009.  O défice acumulado de cerca de €26 biliões em 10 anos representa 18,4% da Divida Externa Liquida de €141biliões.
Segunda dizem, importações da Alemanha, financiadas por bancos franceses...